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Growth and Development of the Dialogue Process

Abu-Nimer, Mohammed. 1999. Dialogue, Conflict Resolution, and Change: Arab-Jewish Encounters in Israel (Suny Series in Israeli Studies). State University of New York.

Austin, Bobby William. 1996. Repairing the Breach: Key Ways to Support Family Life, Reclaim Our Streets, and Rebuild Civil Society in America?’s Communities, Report of the National Task Force on African-American Men and Boys. Dillon, CO: Alpine Guild, Inc.

Bacon, Barbara Schaffer, Cheryl Yuen and Pam Korza. 1999. Animating Democracy: The Artistic Imagination as a Force in Civic Dialogue. Americans for the Arts. Download for free at
This report reveals pivotal and innovating roles that the arts can play in the renewal of civic dialogue as well as challenges faced by arts and cultural organizations as they engage in this work.

Barber, Benjamin R. 1985. Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. University of California Press.

Becker, Carol, Laura Chasin, Richard Chasin, Margaret Herzig and Sallyann Roth. "From Stuck Debate to New Conversation on Controversial Issues: A Report from the Public Conversations Project." Journal of Feminist Family Therapy, 7 (1-2), 143-163 (1995).
This article presents the four guiding objectives of PCP's work and describes practices that support each of those objectives, drawing case examples from their introductory dialogues on abortion.

Bohm, David (Lee Nichol, Editor). 1996. On Dialogue. Routledge: New York, NY.

Bohm, David, Donald Factor and Peter Garrett. 1991. Dialogue: A Proposal.
This paper discusses the process of Bohmian dialogue and what it offers those who choose to engage in it as a way of gaining an understanding of the human thought process. The authors outline their conception of dialogue, why they believe dialogue is valuable, and provide some practical advice on initiating this type of dialogue. Click here for the paper.

Buber, Martin. 1974 (translated version). I and Thou. Scribner Press.
This classic philosophical work is among the 20th century's foundational documents of religious ethics. Today considered a landmark of twentieth-century intellectual history, I and Thou is also one of the most important books of Western theology. Buber suggests that in authentic dialogue something far deeper than ordinary conversation goes on. The I-Thou interaction implies a genuine openness of each to the concerns of the other.

Chasin, Richard, Margaret Herzig, Sallyann Roth, and Laura Chasin. 1996. "From Diatribe to Dialogue on Divisive Public Issues: Approaches Drawn from Family Therapy." Mediation Quarterly, Volume 13, 4, 323-344. New York: Jossey-Bass.
A comprehensive overview of the Public Conversation Project's general approach, this article draws case examples from four different subprojects and it makes explicit the connections between PCP's principles and practices and ideas and methods drawn from family therapy.

Community Seminars on Diversity and Democracy: Study Dialogues for Public and Campus Learning. 1997. AAC&U. Go to or email to receive a free copy.

Dialogues for Diversity: Community and Ethnicity on Campus. 1994. The Project on Campus Community and Diversity of the Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. Phoenix, AR: Oryx Press.

DiDomenico, Anne Giacalone. Dealing With Worldviews In Interpersonal Conflict. Mediation Information & Resource Center (MIRC). Click here.
This article explores the components and different levels of personal worldviews--the lens through which people interpret the world. The author then relates her discussion of worldviews to its importance in dealing with interpersonal conflict, especially in terms of dialogue.

Dixon, Nancy M. 1998. Dialogue at Work. Lemos and Crane.

Ellinor, Linda and Glenna Gerard. 1998. Dialogue: Rediscover the Transforming Power of Conversation. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Farkas, Steve, Patrick Foley and Ann Duffett, with Tony Foleno and Jean Johnson. 2001. Just Waiting to Be Asked? A Fresh Look at Attitudes on Public Engagement. Public Agenda.
This research study finds that school district leaders say they are eager for public engagement in educational decision making, but the venue they rely on most - the school board meeting - is primarily seen as a vehicle for the most vocal and disgruntled citizens. This 48-page publication is available for $10 through Public Agenda.

Five Stages of the Public Peace Process. Conflict Resolution Center International Newsletter, January 1998, pp 20, 23. Click here for the essay.
A two-page essay outlining Harold Saunders' five stages of a public peace process which leads to reconciliation and collaboration. The stages are: deciding to engage, mapping the relationship together, probing the dynamics of the relationship together, experiencing the relationship by thinking together, and acting together.

Fowler, Anne, et. al. "Talking With The Enemy." The Boston Globe, January 28, 2001.
For six years, leaders on both sides of the abortion debate met in secret in an attempt to better understand each other through dialogue with the Public Conversations Project. Click here for the article.

Garfield, Charles, Cindy Spring and Sedonia Cahill. 1998. Wisdom Circles: A Guide to Self-Discovery and Community Building in Small Groups. New York, NY: Hyperion.

Gastil, John. 1993. Democracy in Small Groups: Participation, Decision Making and Communication. New Society Publ.

Heierbacher, Sandy. 1999. Needs and Strategies of Today's Dialogue Groups: A Survey of 75 Leaders of Dialogue Organizations. Brattleboro, VT: Center for Living Democracy.
Click here for the results of this 1998-99 survey which uncovered, among other things, the need that dialogue programs have for ways to integrate action with dialogue more effectively.

Henderson, Michael. 1996. The Forgiveness Factor: Stories of Hope in a World of Conflict. Salem, OR: Grosvenor Books.

Hendrick, Clyde. 1987. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations: Review of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 9. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Hubbard, Amy S. "Face-To-Face at Arm?’s Length: Conflict Norms and Extra-Group Relations in Grassroots Dialogue Groups." Human Organization. Fall 1997, 56:3.

Hubbard, Amy S. "Personal Change and Political Action: The Intersection of Conflict Resolution and Social Movement Mobilization in a Middle East Dialogue Group." Working Paper No. 7. George Mason University's Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution. 1992.

Isaacs, William N. 1999. Dialogue and the Art of Thinking Together. New York, NY: Currency.
Isaacs is a colleague of organizational learning guru Peter Senge (who wrote the introduction) and one of the founders of MIT's Organizational Learning Center. He also directed MIT's Dialogue Project, on which this book is based. Isaacs argues that organizational learning cannot take place without successful dialogue. For more info, go to

Isaacs, William N. "Taking Flight: Dialogue, Collective Thinking and Organizational Learning." Organizational Dynamics. Autumn 1993, 22:2.

Kennedy, Debbe. 2000. Action Dialogues: Meaningful Conversations to Accelerate Change (Diversity Breakthrough! Strategic Action Series). Berrett-Koehler Press.

Kuttab, Jonathan. The Pitfalls of Dialogue. Conflict Resolution Center International Newsletter, January 1998, pp 25-26. Click here for the article.
This article, written by a Palestinian attorney with many years of dialogue experience, describes some common problems with intergroup dialogue and suggests some basic solutions.

Lappe, Frances Moore and Paul Martin Du Bois. 1994. The Quickening of America: Rebuilding our Nation, Remaking our Lives. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc. Publishers.

Myers, Sondra, ed. 1996. Democracy is a Discussion: Civic Engagement in Old and New Democracies. Connecticut College.
With short excerpts from national and international experts on democracy and civic engagement, including Benjamin Barber, Václav Havel, Jean Bethke Elshtain, William Galston, and Mary Ann Glendon, this handbook is ideal for starting discussions about building stronger and more just communities.

Norman, Alex J. "Black-Korean Relations: From Desperation to Dialogue, or from Shouting and Shooting to Sitting and Talking." 1994. Journal of Multicultural Social Work. 1994, 3:2.

Pathways to One America in the 21st Century: Promising Practices for Racial Reconciliation. 1998. Washington, DC: One America In the 20th Century/President Clinton?’s Initiative on Race.
Click here
for the website the holds the archives of the initiative.

Rosenberg, Marshall. 1999. Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Compassion. PuddleDancer Press.

Roth, Sallyann. 1999. "The Uncertain Path to Dialogue." In Relational Responsibility: Resources for Sustainable Dialogue, S. McNamee and K. Gergen, eds. Chapter 8, 93-97. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Roth, Sallyann, Robert R. Stains and Maryana Huston. 1998. The Power of Dialogue: Constructive Conversations on Divisive Issues. Watertown, MA: Family Institute of Cambridge/Public Conversations Project. (This is a training guide.)

Saunders, Harold H. 1999. A Public Peace Process: Sustained Dialogue to Transform Racial and Ethnic Conflicts. St. Martin?’s Press.
Harold Saunders, now Director of International Programs at the Kettering Foundation, distills over 35 years of experience working with conflicts across the globe. This book describes how structured dialogue can help conflicting groups of citizens move toward resolution.

Schoem, David and Sylvia Hurtado. 2001. Intergroup Dialogue: Deliberative Democracy in School, College, Community and Workplace. University of Michigan Press.
A comprehensive overview of intergroup dialogue which includes 12 in-depth case studies, critical perspectives and the foundation of dialogue in democratic theory. Each of the case studies, which are drawn from leading organizations in the dialogue field, present the program's rationale, an account of its successes, and evaluation data.

Schwartz, G. David. 1994. A Jewish Appraisal of Dialogue: Between Talk and Theology. University Press of America.

Senge, Peter. 1994. The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook. Doubleday.

Simmons, Annette. 1999. A Safe Place for Dangerous Truths: Using Dialogue to Overcome Fear & Distrust at Work. Amacom.
Annette Simmons (Greensboro, NC) is president of Group Process Consulting, a behavioral science firm that specializes in building cooperation within organizations to enhance bottom-line results. She is the author of Territorial Games.

Sirianni, Carmen and Lewis Friedland. 2001. Civic Innovation in America: Community Empowerment, Public Policy, and the Movement for Civic Renewal. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
This comprehensive book charts the progress of and best practices in the civic renewal movement. A must-have for those involved in deliberative democracy.

Stephan, Walter G. and Cookie W. 1996. Intergroup Relations. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Tatum, Beverly Daniel, Ph.D. 1997. "Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?" And Other Conversations About Race. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Taylor, Donald M. and Fathali M. Moghaddam. 1994. Theories of Intergroup Relations. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Weisbord, Marvin R. and Sandra Janoff. 1995. Future Search: An Action Guide to Finding Common Ground in Organizations and Communities. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Winborne, Wayne and Renae Cohen, eds. 1998. Intergroup Relations in the United States: Research Perspectives. The National Conference of Community and Justice.

Yankelovich, Daniel. 1999. The Magic of Dialogue. Simon and Schuster.
The author is the co-founder of Public Agenda, an organization which helps policy makers better understand the public's point of view on major policy issues while helping citizens better understand critical policy issues so they can make their own more informed and thoughtful decisions. Public Agenda's conversation process and materials present issues in a nonpartisan and stimulating way.

Zuniga, Ximena, Nagda Ratnesh & Sevig T.D. 2002. Intergroup Dialogues: An Educational Model for Cultivating Engagement Across Differences. Equity & Excellence in Education, Volume 35, 1, 7-17.

The Dialogue to Action Initiative and are ?2001 by Sandy Heierbacher and Andy Fluke. ?
Last updated Saturday, July 6, 2002 5:24 PM ?