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Planning

Here are the 20 resources from Planning.

A Guide to Participatory Budgeting

Brian Wampler.

Participatory Budgeting (PB) programs are innovative policymaking processes. Citizens are directly involved in making policy decisions. Forums are held throughout the year so that citizens have the opportunity to allocate resources, prioritize broad social policies, and monitor public spending. These programs are designed incorporate citizens into the policymaking process, spur administrative reform, and distribute public resources to low-income neighborhoods. Download the 32-page guide directly from the NCDD website.

Resource Link: http://www.thataway.org/exchange/files/docs/Wampler_PBGuide.pdf

A Planning Tool for Thinking About the Future of the Public Service

Clerk of the Privy Council, 1996.

This document describes the process and the results of the Task Force commissioned by the Clerk of the Privy Council in August 1995. The Task Force used scenario building methodology to look at the future. This process, pioneered by the Royal Dutch Shell Group of companies in the early 1970's and increasingly used by the private and public sectors around the world, is essentially a method of encouraging and facilitating strategic thinking, planning, and dialogue.

Resource Link: http://www.myschool-monecole.gc.ca/Research/publications/pdfs/psfuture.pdf

Action Research on Stakeholders Involvement in Municipal Territorial Planning

Canadian Urban Institute, 1998.

The action research project "Stakeholders' Involvement in Municipal Territorial Planning" was carried out within the framework of the Canada-Baltic Municipal Cooperation Program on Strategic Urban Management. The need for this project developed from efforts to involve citizens in the territorial planning process of the Vilnius City Official Plan.

Resource Link: http://www.iog.ca/publications/cui-case.pdf

Backcasting

Backcasting is a method of analysing alternative futures, often energy futures. Its major distinguishing characteristic is a concern with how desirable futures can be attained. It involves working backward from a desired future end point or set of goals to the present to determine the physical feasibility of that particular future and the policy measures that would be required to reach that end point. End points are usually chosen for a time 25 to 50 years in the future.

Bringing Local Knowledge into Environmental Decision Making: Improving Urban Planning for Communities at Risk

Jason Coburn. Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol.22 (2003): 420-433, 2003.

This article reveals how local knowledge can improve planning for communities facing the most serious environmental and health risks. Community participation in environmental decisions is putting pressure on planners to find new ways of fusing the expertise of scientists with insights from the local knowledge of communities. This article defines local knowledge, reveals how it differes from professional knowledge, and argues that local knowledge can improve planning in at least four ways: 1) adding to the knowledge base of environmental policy; 2) including new and previously silenced voices; 3) providing low-cost policy solutions; and 4) highlighting inquitable distributions of environmental burdens.

Resource Link: http://jpe.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/22/4/420

Charrette ends with plan for village new

Melissa Maracle, Staff writer. Franklin Press (Macon County, Georgia), 2007.

This article provides a nice overview of New Urbanism, and of how charrettes were used in a Georgia town.

Charrettes Recently Updated Highly Recommended

Charrettes are typically a potent combination of modern design studio and town meeting, with a dash of the teamwork from an old-fashioned barnraising mixed in. Most start with a hands-on session for citizens and continue in an around-the-clock, energetic push until a plan is finished about a week later. A charrette can be a breakthrough event that helps overcome inertia and creates a meaningful master plan. Properly executed, this technique can produce a master plan that is more useful, better understood, and more quickly produced than one formed by other methods.

Resource Link: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/pittd/charrett.htm

Charrettes in Site Design and Land Use Regulation new

Dino C. La Fiandra. Maryland Bar Journal. September/October, 2006.

There is a relatively new planning and zoning tool gaining popularity in Maryland known as "charrettes." A charrette is a series of meetings involving the stakeholders and the charrette team. Contrary to traditional zoning and development principles which apply a rigid set of regulations to proposed development within a defined geographic area, charrettes use a different methodology to design a project uniquely from scratch, or almost from scratch. In Maryland and elsewhere, charrettes have been used as a catalyst to permit a departure from restrictive zoning regulations which obstruct creative development. This article examines the use of charrettes in Maryland and elsewhere as they have emerged over the past few years.

Resource Link: http://www.wtplaw.com/publication.cfm?sp=publication&id;=216

Deliberation for Community Planning and Economic Development Recently Updated

Carolyn Lukensmeyer and Lars Hasselblad Torres, AmericaSpeaks.

This paper provides a general introduction to the growing field of deliberative democratic practice. The first section provides an overview of the thought and practice that currently constitutes the 'field' of deliberation. The second section explores how deliberation can be used to enhance planning activities and shares a practical example of its application to land-use planning and economic development in Lower Manhattan.

Resource Link: http://www.americaspeaks.org/library/charette_paper_9_03.pdf

Design Charrette Recently Updated

A charrette is an intensive, multi-disciplinary design workshop designed to facilitate open discussion between major stakeholders of a development project. A team of design experts meets with community groups, developers and neighbors over a period from three or four days to two weeks long, gathering information on the issues a community is facing.

Future Search

Future search includes a planning process and a 16 to 18-hour meeting usually including two overnights. Participants discover a set of shared values or themes (common ground) and build new dynamics such as inclusion and collaboration into their organization or community. Future search ("future search" is not capitalized) is not owned by anyone and all are encouraged to use the process and experiment with it. It is supported by a network of people called the Future Search Network. It is an open system process, which means it considers anyone a necessary participant who can affect, is affected by or has important information or experience related to the task at hand.

Future Search Network (and trainings) Highly Recommended

The Future Search Network initiates future search conferences, innovative planning conferences used world-wide by hundreds of communities and organizations. The conferences meet two goals at the same time: helping large diverse groups discover values, purposes and projects they hold in common; and enabling people to create a desired future together and start implementing right away.

Resource Link: http://www.futuresearch.net

Future Search: An Action Guide to Finding Common Ground in Organizations and Communities Great for Beginners Highly Recommended

Marvin Weisbord and Sandra Janoff, Future Search Network. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 1995.

This book describes a step-by-step process for planning and leading a Future Search conference, where diverse community members come together to envision and plan their shared future.

Resource Link: http://www.futuresearch.net

iPlan

iPlan is a New South Wales, Australia government initiative coordinated by the Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources. The website is intended as a source of reference for anyone keen to improve the quality of community engagement in the NSW planning and development system. This website is a starting point in fulfilling the need for practical guidance on how to conduct quality processes of community engagement in the NSW planning system.

Resource Link: http://www.iplan.nsw.gov.au

Meaningful Public Involvement: Charrettes for Community Change Recently Updated Great for Beginners Highly Recommended

National Charrette Institute for the National Association of REALTORS.

Achieving true citizen participation in community planning is always a challenge. To address the need for a better participation process, communities and developers are turning to the "charrette," a multi-day intensive planning workshop that includes all stakeholders in a community and results in a plan that can be implemented and built. This PowerPoint presentation, which includes both slides and a script, describes what a charrette is and how it can be used to improve the planning process in your community.

Resource Link: http://www.realtor.org/sg3.nsf/pages/Charrettes

National Charrette Institute (NCI) Recently Updated Highly Recommended

The National Charrette Institute (NCI) is a nonprofit educational institution. We help people build community capacity for collaboration to create healthy community plans. We teach professionals and community leaders the art and science of Dynamic Planning, a holistic, collaborative planning process that harnesses the talents and energies of all interested parties to create and support a feasible plan. And we advance the fields of community planning and public involvement through research and publications.

Resource Link: http://www.charretteinstitute.org

Neighborhood Action Initiative: Engaging Citizens in Real Change

William R. Potapchuk. From The Collaborative Leadership Fieldbook by David D. Chrislip. Jossey-Bass, 2002.

This chapter in the Collaborative Leadership Handbook provides an overview of the Neighborhood Action Initiative in Washington, D.C. The Neighborhood Action Initiative has perhaps engaged more citizens at one time than any other collaborative initiative. In part, use of skillful process experts and new technologies for instant feedback made this possible.

Resource Link: http://www.americaspeaks.org/resources/library/as/pubs/coll_leadership_potap_1103.pdf

Outcome Mapping: Building Learning and Reflection into Development Programs Recently Updated

Sarah Earl, Fred Carden, and Terry Smutylo. Foreword by Michael Quinn Patton . The International Development Research Centre (IDRC), 2001.

Outcome Mapping is a participatory method for planning, monitoring and evaluation. First introduced by IDRC in 2000, Outcome Mapping (OM) has been used in projects, programs and organizations in Latin America, Africa, Asia and Europe. A growing body of governments, donor agencies, non-for-profit organizations, and businesses around the world has adopted Outcome Mapping because it helps them “measure” social change.

Resource Link: http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-9330-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html

PRIA - An International Centre for Learning and Promotion of Participation and Democratic Governance

PRIA's founders believed in two principles of development: Participatory Research, which believes in the intrinsic value of people's knowledge as basis for their own empowerment, and Participatory Development, a process which empowers people to create and implement their own development plans. In the process of its work at the grassroots, PRIA pioneered a vast range of methodologies and tools for the empowerment of the marginalized, including Participatory Training, Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation, Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue, and Community Based Monitoring.

Resource Link: http://www.pria.org

Public Consultation in the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence River Basin - online and face-to-face

Frank Bevacqua, Paula Fedeski-Koundakjian, Laurie Maak, and Nicholas Dewar. National Civic Review, Vol. 95 No. 2, Summer, 2006.

This 8-page paper describes the International Joint Commission’s experience with an innovative Web dialogue they convened for a project for the U.S. and Canadian governments, including meeting the challenges posed by engaging a francophone and anglophone audience. The paper compares the Web dialogue with the public meetings they also held, and shares some of the lessons they and their partners (WestEd and CDR Associates) learned.

Resource Link: http://www.josseybass.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-NCR.html

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